A chronology of events related to U.S. border governance and migration

July 11

Refugio del Migrante, a lesbian-run migrant shelter in Mexicali was destroyed in a fire on Friday morning. Though no one was injured in the fire, 152 migrants, including 22 minors, have been displaced without shelter. According to a local newspaper, the fire was caused by an electrical short circuit in one of the shelter bedrooms. The shelter was run by Centro Comunitario de Bienestar Social (COBINA), a group based in Mexicali serving LGBTQ+ people as well as other vulnerable populations.

Photo courtesy of Juan Gutiérrez

Tags: Shelters

July 10

Throughout the past month, Republican state governors have been sending or have committed to sending armed personnel to the U.S.-Mexico border, answering a mutual aid call from Texas Governor Greg Abbott and Arizona Governor Doug Doucey. These states now include South Dakota, North Dakota, Iowa, Arkansas, Ohio, Nebraska, and Florida. Arizona and Texas are also sending their own state officers to the border. It still remains unclear what duties these officers will be performing and whether or not they will have the ability to make arrests against unauthorized migrants; immigration enforcement remains strictly under federal jurisdiction.

Tags: Border and Migration Politics

July 9

The Biden administration announced a new policy which would prevent ICE from detaining or arresting people who are pregnant or nursing, or who had a baby within the previous year. Though immigration advocates have applauded the policy change, some worry about the longevity of this decision as it was made through an executive order and could be easily reversed by future administrations. Under the Trump administration, the number of pregnant immigrants in detention had increased dramatically, after an Obama-era policy, which called for their detainment only under extreme circumstances, had been overwritten. This new policy also does not apply to pregnant, nursing, or postpartum immigrants being held in CBP custody.

Tags: Detention, Human Rights, ICE

July 9

New data has revealed that the Trump administration had begun family separations in Yuma, Arizona, months before what had originally been reported. Under a program called the Criminal Consequence Initiative, Border Patrol agents began family separations as early as May 2017. This program also allowed for the prosecution of first-time border crossers, including parents who entered the U.S. with their families. The data available shows that 234 families were separated in Yuma between the months of June and December that year, though actual figures are most likely greater. Some of the families separated under this program still have not been reunited, four years later. In addition, the children separated in Yuma during this period were as young as 10 months old. Biden administration investigations on Trump-era family separations are finding that the scope and geographic breadth of the separations are much greater than was previously understood.

Tags: Family Separation

July 8

Photo Courtesy of Chris Stokes for The Texas Tribune

The Dolph Briscoe Unit, a state prison in Southern Texas, was recently emptied of over 1,000 prisoners to make room for migrants facing, but not convicted of, state charges. The empty prison is currently being staffed by nearly 150 guards, despite Texas’ prison system being dangerously understaffed. Texas Governor Gregg Abbott has not made much clear in terms of when or how the facility will be fashioned into a migrant jail, and the prison is currently in a state of “maintenance mode” while officers become trained as jailers and state agencies what changes need to be made in order to house a non-prison population. This project seems to be a part of Abbott’s larger push to address what he has deemed a migration crisis, seeking alternative detention possibilities outside of federal jurisdiction.

Tags: Apprehensions, Texas

July 7

The County of San Diego, UC San Diego Health, and the state of California successfully collaborated on an initiative which brought thousands of Mexican maquiladora workers across the border to receive COVID-19 vaccinations. The program, which lasted multiple weeks and concluded last Friday, was able to bus 1,500 workers to the border every other day and ultimately vaccinated over 24,000 workers. This success paves the way for similar projects now being initiated in other border regions, including El Paso-Juarez in Texas and Nogales-Agua Prieta in Arizona.

Tags: Coronavirus, Public Health

July 6

The Pentagon announced on Tuesday that as many as 3,000 U.S. troops will be deployed along the southern border and will remain there until the end of September, 2022. This is a drop in numbers compared to the 4,000 troops that were approved to serve at the border during the 2021 fiscal year. These troops are made up of active-duty service members, as well as National Guard troops from nearly two dozen states, all working to assist Border Patrol with immigration enforcement. So far, the Defense Department has spent over $840 million on the mission.

Tags: Military Deployments

July 2

The Biden administration announced on Friday that they are creating a new process which will allow immigrants who served in the U.S. military and were later deported to legally return to the U.S. DHS will be partnering with the Department of Veterans Affairs to bring back deported military service members and veterans, as well as their immediate family members, and connect them with any benefits they are entitled to. This is part of a broader federal initiative to assist immigrant service members and their families.

Tags: Deportations, DHS

July 2

The Biden administration plans to lift Title 42 in a massive border policy overhaul. Title 42 expulsions for migrant families should stop by the end of July. Once the public health order is lifted, those families that request asylum at the border will be allowed to remain in the U.S. for the duration of their case. Still, government officials plan to continue expelling single adults under Title 42 for the next few months, as they make up the largest population of those attempting illegal border crossings. The administration is also planning a phased reopening of nonessential travel ports of entry along the border this summer, which were also shut down due to the pandemic.

Tags: Expulsions

July 2

Despite Biden’s efforts to wind down MPP, 4,668 migrants are being categorically left out–those who went through the entire asylum process and lost their immigration case. Some advocates are questioning whether those asylum applicants had been given a fair hearing as immigration courts were shut down because of COVID-19, and virtual hearings presented difficult challenges, such as inconsistent or a lack of technological access. While the government is claiming that these applicants have already been given due process, lawyers on the ground say otherwise, claiming living conditions and the pandemic made it practically impossible to effectively engage in your own defense.

Tags: Coronavirus, Immigration Courts, Remain in Mexico