Organizational Culture Events where the event type is “Dangerous Deportation”

September 2021

“Belone Mpembele, an asylum seeker from Angola, was expelled to Haiti by the United States due to its failure to provide access to the U.S asylum system or even screen individuals at the border in its rush to expel Haitians in September 2021.”

Source: Julia Neusner, Kennji Kizuka, “Illegal and Inhumane”: Biden Administration Continues Embrace of Trump Title 42 Policy as Attacks on People Seeking Refuge Mount (New York: Human Rights First, October 21, 2021) <https://www.humanrightsfirst.org/resource/illegal-and-inhumane-biden-administration-continues-embrace-trump-title-42-policy-attacks>.

Sector(s): Del Rio

Agency(ies): Border Patrol, DHS

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Asylum, Inappropriate Deportation

Accountability Status: Unknown

Late August 2021

“DHS continues to carry out some Title 42 expulsions to dangerous Mexican border cities in the middle of the night, when businesses are closed and humanitarian services are unavailable, increasing the risk that expelled individuals will be attacked. For example, Border Patrol agents expelled more than 20 people through the DeConcini port of entry to Nogales, Mexico around 2:00 a.m. in late August 2021, leaving them stranded. Several of those expelled told Kino Border Initiative that when they eventually managed to reach a migrant shelter, they were denied entry because they did not have proof of a negative COVID-19 test, which was impossible to obtain in the middle of the night. With no other options, they were forced to spend the night sleeping on the street.”

Source: Julia Neusner, Kennji Kizuka, “Illegal and Inhumane”: Biden Administration Continues Embrace of Trump Title 42 Policy as Attacks on People Seeking Refuge Mount (New York: Human Rights First, October 21, 2021) <https://www.humanrightsfirst.org/resource/illegal-and-inhumane-biden-administration-continues-embrace-trump-title-42-policy-attacks>.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation

Accountability Status: Unknown

July 16, 2021

“We filed a complaint on behalf of a Cuban couple, who was kidnapped for months in Mexico. A
government official in southern Mexico put them in contact with the woman who ended up kidnapping them.
After several months they managed to escape, but the woman has continued to send threatening messages
and says that she knows they are in Nogales. When they crossed into the US and were detained, they tried
to express their fear of return to Border Patrol agents. However, the agent responsible for processing them
only replied “you think I’m here to solve your problems? … All Cubans come here with the same story” and
“you are going back no matter what and you will have to figure out what to do.” Another agent told them
there was nothing he could do besides give them a speedy court date. He scheduled them for a July hearing,
which has since been rescheduled to October due to the court cancellations. Both were returned to Nogales,
Sonora with no access to an interview with a USCIS officer to assess their fear of return.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “July 23 Update From KBI”, July 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Abusive Language, Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Asylum

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL

July 8, 2021

“ICE continues to transport migrants to Nogales, Sonora for removal from the U.S. at night. The practice
places migrants at an unnecessary increased risk of robbery, kidnapping, and other violent crimes, and
excludes them from coordination and reception services available for recently removed migrants. Because of
the well- known danger of said practice, Local Repatriation Agreements between U.S. and Mexican
authorities prohibited night deportations for years, but since spring of 2020 these removals have occured
very frequently. KBI staff and migrants have reported nighttime deportations on at least five nights in
the last two weeks. Because shelters are closed when migrants are deported or expelled at night, many individuals are forced to sleep outside of the port of entry on benches. One night last week migrants were expelled in the midst of a heavy rain that flooded the streets near the port of entry.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “July 8 Update From KBI”, July 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): ICE

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL

July 8, 2021

“Having heard that asylum was being denied to anyone except single women traveling with children, a woman
from Guatemala decided to cross the desert with her one-year-old baby in hopes that Border Patrol would
listen to her asylum claim. When she was apprehended by Border Patrol, they refused to give her access to a credible fear hearing and instead removed her and her child to Nogales, Sonora, where she met up with
her husband. The family is fleeing death threats in Guatemala because they can no longer pay extortion fees
given the expenses required to support their baby. Once reunited in Nogales, they attempted crossing twice
more through the desert with their baby, only to be returned both times without being screened for credible
fear.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “July 8 Update From KBI”, July 2021. <https://drive.google.com/file/d/1WO0_klu2ADpdA0-upu6ZmjPHVJCTwWAt/view>

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Asylum

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL

June 10, 2021

“One woman fleeing with her seven-year-old daughter from violence in Honduras attempted to cross into the
U.S. and ask for asylum several times. The first few times, she was hastily returned to Nogales, Sonora. On
her final attempt, she and her daughter were kidnapped by their smuggler and held and tortured for over two
weeks until her family could pay their ransom.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “June 10 Update From KBI”, June 2021. <https://drive.google.com/file/d/1oSZtJx1CNSXShFCySEkR5b7ruSn4LbuT/view?usp=sharing>

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Asylum

Accountability Status: No steps taken

June 9, 2021

“Over a dozen migrants who have arrived at KBI in the past two weeks have reported being deported
at night, between 10PM and 5AM. A Mexican man who could not sustain himself economically decided to try to cross into the United States for work. After spending several days in the desert and running out of water, he was apprehended by Border Patrol and returned to Nogales, Sonora at 11PM. He arrived at our center the following morning dehydrated. Despite the difficulty, he wished to attempt another crossing the following day, seeing no other option for livelihood.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “June 10 Update From KBI”, June 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation

Accountability Status: No steps taken

June 6, 2021

“While some migrants apprehended at night have reported being detained overnight and deported the
following morning, one woman who arrived at our center reported that after turning herself in to Border Patrol
in the desert, she was detained overnight then still released into Sonora the following night. By holding
the woman overnight in a congregate setting and then expelling her over 24 hours later, Border Patrol makes
it clear that nighttime expulsions are not, as they have claimed, for the purpose of avoiding the spread of
COVID through prolonged detention in CBP custody.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “June 10 Update From KBI”, June 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation

Accountability Status: No steps taken

April 4, 2021

“A Guatemalan woman entered the United States and was detained by  Border Patrol and transferred to a border patrol facility. She had previously injured  herself in the desert and could not walk well. When transported to the facility, a  nurse told her she needed surgery to fix a broken bone and torn muscle. She was  taken to a clinic where an X ray was taken and found that her tibia was shattered.  The medical assistant then told the female border agent who was present that the  woman needed an operation right away. The medical assistant told the woman that  the surgery was absolutely necessary, and so she agreed to the operation. Then they  transferred her to a hospital and changed the Border Patrol agent in of charge of  her. It was now a male Border Patrol agent. He received all the paperwork. The  woman did not receive any paperwork. The medical staff started prepping for the  surgery, then all of a sudden they said they couldn’t do it. The medical staff then  gave the woman a sedative and put a cast on. The nurse told her that wherever she  goes next, that the women must have surgery. When she asked why they were not  continuing with surgery, the medical staff apologized profusely and told her the  agents were not going to allow the Guatemalan woman to stay in the U.S. long  enough for an operation she desperately needed. Medical staff repeated that she  must have surgery as soon as she can because her injuries were serious. The Border  Patrol agent there then rushed the woman out of the hospital without allowing the  woman to eat or change clothes or get any prescribed pain medication. Though she  could barely walk, she was expelled to Nogales, Sonora without any crutches.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, April 2021. .

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Medical Care

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, Shared with DHS OIG

April 3, 2021

“A Guatemalan man entered the United States and was detained by  Border Patrol. He fled extortion and threats in Guatemala. On his way to the United  States, he was kidnapped in Mexico and held against his will for two weeks. His  kidnappers tortured him. They burned him with hot water and forced him to take  drugs. He managed to flee his kidnappers to continue to the U.S. In the U.S., he and  two friends encountered one Border Patrol agent. The agent first handcuffed the  other two to each other with chains. The agent then kicked the Guatemalan man  who made this complaint in the left ankle, which caused him to collapse. The agent  picked the man up by his shoulder and put him in the back of the truck. The agent  expelled the man to Nogales, Sonora despite the injuries the agent had inflicted and the fact that he was kidnapped in Mexico. He was never given an opportunity to  speak to anyone else about his fear of return.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, August 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Asylum, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, No further action

March 4, 2021

“On several occasions, rather than transport migrants to other locations where they can access services, CBP
has simply dropped off migrants in parking lots in Yuma. Since many of these migrants have traveled
distances in the desert, they are often being abandoned with injuries, including a young man who Border
Patrol left alone at a bus station with a recently amputated foot.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “March 4 Update From KBI”, March 2021.

Sector(s): Yuma

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Medical Care

Accountability Status: No steps taken

February 15, 2021

To escape the lingering, devastating effects of two hurricanes and the reach of organized crime, Pedro Gomez fled Guatemala in January and headed north, looking for hope.

Thousands of miles south, Jhon Jairo Ushca Alcoser, too, left his country, Ecuador, fleeing political unrest and the economic fallout of a global pandemic that’s ravaged his nation.

For both men, it seemed as if nothing would stand in the way of their cherished dream – certainly not deserts, rivers, unscrupulous smugglers, or the infamous wall they had heard so much about. But then that same wall nearly crippled them. And fhs the U.S. Border Patrol — then “dumped us in Mexico like garbage, a piece of trash,” said Pedro Gomez, 37. They say agents who discovered them injured sent them back across the border rather than providing them medical care on American soil.

It’s not clear why these injured migrants were deported to Mexico, even after both said they told agents they couldn’t walk.

“I couldn’t even get up, so I crawled inside the migra vehicle,” said Gomez, after falling off the wall in late January. At one point, he says he was told he was going to be taken to a U.S. hospital, but instead was dropped off at the border crossing nearly 90 miles from where he fell off the wall near El Paso. His ankles are broken and he cannot walk.

Ushca Alcoser said he told Border Patrol agents he couldn’t move and was “screaming in excruciating pain” after he fell backwards off of a 30-foot section of the wall newly installed during the Trump administration as Border Patrol agents stood in front of him in early February.

But “they said ‘stand up, stand up.’ I don’t know where I found the strength.” He says he was sent back to Mexico, dragging his feet as another migrant held him up. X-Rays later revealed broken tendons and a fractured back and pelvis, Sosa said.

The two men asked their names be used so their accounts of events can be verified.

Separately, a Border Patrol spokesman said the agency does not track injuries related to the wall.

Source: The Dallas Morning, “Injured Migrants Say Border Patrol Sent Them Back to Mexico After They Fell Off Trump’s Wall” February 2021. <https://www.dallasnews.com/news/immigration/2021/02/14/injured-migrants-say-border-patrol-sent-them-back-to-mexico-after-they-fell-off-trumps-wall/>.

Sector(s): El Paso

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Medical Care

Accountability Status:

February 3, 2021

“A Salvadoran woman, her husband and two children traveled from El Salvador to Mexico initially to escape threats at home. Soon after, they also received threats in Mexico and decided to flee to the US. They approached the DeConcini port of entry in Nogales. There, an agent shoved the woman who was eight months pregnant in the chest. The woman pleaded with the agent to not turn them back as they were fleeing danger in Mexico. The agents, both male and female, simply laughed at them when they explained the danger and said the family must go back. When the family said they had nowhere to go, the agents said that was not the agents’ problem. They forcibly removed them and took them to the Mexican immigration office at around 10:30 PM. The family slept by the line of cars entering the United States out of fear of navigating Nogales at night.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, August 2021. <https://networklobby.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/KINO-NETWORK-CBP-Abuses-consolidated.pdf>.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Asylum, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, Complaint filed with OPR, Shared with DHS OIG

February 2, 2021

“Border Patrol expelled a group of 43 Central American and Mexican migrants to downtown Nogales Feb.
2nd at 11PM. One Honduran man in the group shared that BP agents did not give them any directives
about where they could go to find shelter, nor were any Mexican officials there to receive them upon arrival.
The group dispersed, and he continued walking with 2 other migrants. They asked a man on the street where
they could find a shelter, and began walking west. As they approached a cemetery, 5 men came toward
them, one with a gun. They men forced them into the cemetery at gunpoint, and told them to take out all their
belongings. The Honduran man pleaded to keep his phone so he could communicate with his family. In
response, one of the assailants began beating him in the ribs and said he would beat him again if he said
another word. The men detained them in the cemetery for an hour before finally letting them go.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “February 4 Update From KBI”, July 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL

January 28, 2021

“A Guatemalan man crossed into the United States and was detained in  the desert. The border patrol agents who arrested them were driving a four wheeler. They drove really fast, right towards the immigrants. The immigrants had  to jump out of the way to avoid being run over. The Guatemalan man fell over when  he jumped out of the way. Despite not resisting arrest, an agent put his hand around  the migrant’s neck and pulled him to handcuff him. The agents were laughing as they handcuffed him. Despite cold temperatures, he was made to remove his outerwear and walk only in a t-shirt. He was forced to walk 20 minutes handcuffed.  Afterwards, he was transported to Tucson and promptly expelled.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, January 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, No further action

October 29, 2020

Although DHS has not released official numbers by location, local partners estimate about 100 migrants a
day are being returned to Sasabe, Sonora, Mx under Title 42 expulsions. This border town, with a population
around 2,500, does not have a shelter for migrants who find themselves expelled and without resources.
Organized crime has significant control in Sasabe, and there is no official headquarters for Instituto National
de Migración (INM). Rather, INM officials have been traveling regularly from their office in Nogales, Sonora to
Sasabe to attend to migrants who have been expelled.

A migrant who fled violence in Cuba arrived in Nogales this week after spending two weeks attempting to cross into the US through the desert. After running out of food and being abandoned by their guide, his group finally turned themselves in to Border Patrol out of desperation. Although he was expelled to Nogales, a friend traveling in the same group with him was returned to Sasabe.

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “October 29 Update From KBI”, October 2020.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): CBP, DHS

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation

Accountability Status: No steps taken

October 1, 2020

“In the past two weeks, KBI documented 5 separate incidents of migrants CBP expelled to downtown
Nogales, Sonora between 11PM and 1:30AM. In at least 3 of these incidents, those who were expelled were
forced to sleep outside because no hospitality resources were available at that hour. In 4 of those cases,
migrants did not receive any documentation to enter Mexico since Mexico’s National Migration Institute (INM)
was not open. In one case, a man who INM received requested officials allow him to stay at the office for the
night and INM officials refused. He then slept on a bench in downtown Nogales, where he was robbed.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “October 1 Update From KBI”, October 2020.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation

Accountability Status: No steps taken, Shared with congressional oversight committees

September 17, 2020

A father of two who fled death threats in Nicaragua arrived in Nogales last week after attempting to cross
between ports of entry to request asylum in the U.S. After being abandoned by a guide and waiting with his
nephew in the desert for days without food or water, he was detained by Border Patrol. He fainted when they
arrived at the detention center, and then was hospitalized for 9 days, during which time he received dialysis
for the severe damage done to his kidneys by dehydration. Border Patrol agents removed him from the
hospital in a wheelchair before he received official release from the hospital, and deported him to Mexico
with no shoes, socks or underwear, only the hospital gown he was wearing. Hardly able to walk, he was
deported alone and forced to walk barefoot over rocky ground to the Mexican immigration office. This, after
expressing to numerous Border Patrol agents and hospital staff his fear of returning to Mexico and desire to
seek asylum in the U.S.

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “September 17 Update”, September 2020.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Asylum

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL

September 3, 2020

A Cuban woman, seven months pregnant, and who had been waiting for ten months with her husband to be
processed for asylum in Nogales, recently attempted two border crossings in one day in a small Arizona
border town. Despite the couple’s repeated expression of their fear of returning to Mexico to Border Patrol
agents, the wife’s vulnerability as a pregnant woman, and the fact that Mexico has not agreed to receive
Cubans under Title 42 expulsions, the two were quickly returned to Mexico both times. Rather than further
assessing their fear claims, a Border Patrol agent instead suggested the woman might break her own water
to prematurely induce labor as her only way to stay in the U.S.

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “September 3 Update”, September 2020.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Asylum

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL