Organizational Culture Events where the event type is “Use of Force”

September 21, 2021

“In the past few days, a large number of migrants—primarily Haitian and seeking asylum and other protection in the United States—have crossed into Del Rio, Texas, to await processing by DHS at a processing center located under an international bridge. On September 18, DHS announced a plan to address the increased number of migrants awaiting immigration processing in the area and began removing some Haitians to their home country the following day.[2] The same day, Border Patrol agents mounted on horseback sought to stop Haitian migrants on the U.S. side of the Rio Grande from entering the encampment, charging families and individuals on the river bank and using abusive language against at least one family.[3] Extensive video and photo documentation shows appalling use of force by agents against migrants. For example, one image shows a mounted Border Patrol agent grabbing a man by the shirt has he stands bare foot with his hands full of food.[4] Video footage showed horse mounted agents again engaging migrants on the banks of the river and in one instance nearly trampling a young child.[5] Another video shows a Border Patrol agent on horseback hitting the water near one man with his lariat before knocking the man back into the water with his horse.[6] The man is carrying what appear to be containers of food.

“On September 20, during a press conference U.S. Border Patrol Chief Raul L. Ortiz confirmed that Border Patrol Horse Patrol units remain a part of the agency’s “security response.” While Chief Ortiz claimed agents on horseback do not know who coming across the river “are the smugglers and who are the migrants,” videos show mounted agents riding up to families with small children and individuals carrying bags of food. Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas went on to claim that long reins seen in footage are used to “ensure control of the horses.”[7]

“…The Constitution prohibits the use of excessive force[12] and requires that use of force by law enforcement be proportional to a threat and escalated only in response to that threat.[13] CBP’s own Use of Force policy also only permits the use of “a reasonable amount of force” when an individual’s entry presents an “imminent threat” to officers, agents, or others.[14]

“Video footage of Border Patrol’s actions in this incident clearly demonstrate that the migrants being encountered by mounted agents did not present an imminent threat. In one video an agent stops a family with small children, makes derogatory and xenophobic comments to the family, and then maneuvers his horse in a way that comes dangerously close to trampling a child.[15] Other footage shows agents wielding lariats and maneuvering their horses in a menacing fashion against individuals carrying food back to the encampment in the United States, traffic across the river the agency was undoubtedly aware of prior to deploying mounted units to the U.S. riverbank.

“In one video, a mounted Border Patrol agent is heard stating “This is why your country’s shit, because you use your women for this!”[16] CBP’s National Standards on Transport, Escort, Detention, and Search (“TEDS”) requires agents to “speak and act with the utmost integrity and professionalism,” “treat all individuals with dignity and respect,” and “perform their duties in a nondiscriminatory manner.”[17] Agents simply did not uphold those standards in this instance.

“Further, DHS policy requires that all agency components–including CBP–“shall have appropriate written policies and procedures regarding the use of authorized control tactics or techniques; authorized less-lethal devices; and necessary training and certifications—both initial and recurring.”[18] Nevertheless, CBP’s Use of Force policy does not include guidelines for the use of mounted horse patrol, despite their potential for causing lethal or non-lethal harm. In fact, Border Patrol’s Horse Patrol Program is consistently described by the agency as necessary for accessing terrain in accessible by vehicles, not as a tool of deterrence or use of force against migrants.[19] CBP’s publicly available policy materials also do not indicate that mounted agents receive crowd control training for a use in the manner seen here.”

[2] DHS Outlines Strategy to Address Increase in Migrants in Del Rio, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Sept. 18, 2021, https://www.dhs.gov/news/2021/09/18/dhs-outlines-strategy-address-increase-migrants-del-rio; Molly Hennessy-Fiske, U.S. begins removing Haitian migrants, but they continue to flock to Texas border, LOS ANGELES TIMES, Sept. 19, 2021, https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2021-09-19/haitian-migrants-continue-to-flock-to-texas-border-some-flown-back-to-homeland-by-u-s.
[3] AFP News Agency, @AFP on Twitter, Sept. 19, 2021, 7:30 PM, https://twitter.com/afp/status/1439763779688882180.
[4] Id.
[5] See Daina Beth Solomon and Alberto Fajardo, “Trapped”: Migrants collecting food try to evade law enforcement at the U.S.-Mexico border, REUTERS, Sept. 20, 2021, https://www.reuters.com/world/us/trapped-migrants-collecting-food-try-evade-law-enforcement-us-mexico-border-2021-09-20/; Al Jazeera English, Haitian migrants undeterred as US begins removal flights, YouTube, Sept. 21, 2021, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UTFnKJqcPks.
[6] Sawyer Hackett, @SawyerHackett on Twitter, Sept. 20, 2021, 10:25 AM, https://twitter.com/SawyerHackett/status/1439989195871825921?s=20.
[7] NowThis News, DHS Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas Holds a Press Briefing at U.S.-Mexico Border, YouTube, Sept. 20, 2021, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N7kF0PUDdfM.
[12] See generally, U.S. Const. Amend. IV and VIII.
[13] Graham v. Connor, 490 U.S. 386, 388, 109 S. Ct. 1865, 1867, 104 L. Ed. 2d 443 (1989); see also Tennessee v. Garner, 471 U.S. 1, 3, 105 S. Ct. 1694, 1697, 85 L. Ed. 2d 1 (1985).
[14] See CBP, U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION (herein after “CBP”), 4500-002A, CBP Use of Force Policy, Jan. 2021, https://www.cbp.gov/sites/default/files/assets/documents/2021-Jul/cbp-use-of-force- policy_4500-002A.pdf at Chap. 3(A)(6), page 13.
[15] Al Jazeera English, Haitian migrants undeterred as US begins removal flights, YouTube, Sept. 21, 2021, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UTFnKJqcPks.
[16] John Holman, @johnholman100 on Twitter, Sept. 20, 2021, 7:43 AM, https://twitter.com/johnholman100/status/1439948289680363527?s=20.
[17] U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, NAT’L STANDARDS ON TRANSPORT, ESCORT, DETENTION, AND SEARCH, at §§ 1.2 (Integrity and Professionalism) & 1.4 (Non-Discrimination Policy) (Oct. 2015), https://www.cbp.gov/document/directives/cbp-national-standards-transport-escort-detention-and-search.
[18] U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, Department Policy on Use of Force, Policy Statement 044-05, Sept. 7, 2018, https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/mgmt/law- enforcement/mgmt-dir_044-05-department-policy-on-the-use-of-force.pdf.
[19] See e.g., U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, What We Do, Last modified: June 21, 2021, https://www.cbp.gov/careers/usbp-what-we-do.

Source: Shaw Drake, Kathryn Huddleston, “Re: U.S. Border Patrol’s use of horses and verbal abuse against migrants in Del Rio, TX” (ACLU, September 21, 2021) <https://www.aclutx.org/sites/default/files/aclu_tx_cbp_oig_letter_re_border_patrol_in_del_rio.pdf>.

Sector(s): Del Rio

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Abusive Language, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, Complaint filed with OPR, Shared with congressional oversight committees, Shared with DHS OIG

August 12, 2021

A Cameroonian asylum-seeker is suing the US government for an alleged assault by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (Ice) officers, who he said knelt on his neck and suffocated him to try to force him to accept his own deportation.

In a filed on Thursday, Acheleke Fuanya said the alleged attack, at a Louisiana prison in January, has left him with persistent back and waist pain, and post-traumatic stress disorder. He also claims lingering Covid symptoms after the alleged incident in which he says the Ice officers were unmasked in violation of official regulations.

“The officers surrounded Mr Fuanya, tripped him to the ground, and kneeled on his neck, and pulled his head forward in order to suffocate him,” the complaint says. “Other officers yanked his arms and twisted his leg and ankle. Even after Mr Fuanya pleaded with the officers to get off of him because he could not breathe, they continued to choke him until they grabbed his fingers and forcibly fingerprinted him.”

The Ice officers were trying to make him sign a document and appeared to take his fingerprint by force as a substitute for a signature. The exact contents of the document are unknown but in other cases Ice officers have allegedly try to force asylum-seekers to sign waivers of their asylum rights or requests to their home governments for travel documents, which would put a veneer of legality on their deportations.

Source: The Guardian, “Cameroonian asylum-seeker sues US for alleged assault by Ice officers”, August 2021. <https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/aug/12/cameroonian-asylum-seeker-sues-us-for-alleged-assault-by-ice-officers>

Sector(s): Border-Wide

Agency(ies): ICE

Event Type(s): Denial of Asylum, Inappropriate Deportation, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Lawsuit Filed

August 1, 2021

“A Guatemalan man in a group of six entered the United States and  encountered Border Patrol agents. One of the agents pushed one of the men down  with a knee on his back. Another man from the group was running, and the dog the  agents brought with them attacked him and knocked him face down into a cactus.  One of the spines penetrated near his eye, causing his face to bleed. When the man  with eye injury asked for help, the agents said no, and that this is what happens to  people who come here. An agent grabbed the Guatemalan man who filed this  complaint by the back of the neck and shoved him. The agent lunged to try to shove  him again; when he ducked down the agent kept going forward and hurt himself on  the cactus spines. Angered by this, the agent grabbed the Guatemalan man by the  neck. The man said he felt like he was being choked. The Guatemalan man was  injured as he had cactus spines stuck in his legs. He was not allowed to take them  out until the next day. The Guatemalan man’s brother-in-law was also in the group.  He was dehydrated and vomiting. As he lay on the ground, begging for water, an  agent put his foot on the man’s back and then kneeled on him. It was not until they  arrived at a temporary outpost nearly two hours later that they got water. The  group was expelled to Nogales, Sonora the next morning, where Kino then took  them to the hospital.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, August 2021.

Sector(s):

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Denial of Food or Water, Denial of Medical Care, Use of Force

Accountability Status: No steps taken

July 1, 2021

“Several people who arrived at our Migrant Aid Center in Nogales reported brutal treatment by Border Patrol
agents encountered in the desert. Two different people reported that agents slammed them to the ground
after lifting them by the neck, one person was dragged through thorns, and one was handcuffed, tied to a
horse, and forced to walk behind the horse for two hours.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “July 8 Update From KBI”, July 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL

June 17, 2021

“Former LAPD officer and U.S. veteran, Janine Bouey, filed a complaint against the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Customs and Border Protection (CBP) for her inhumane treatment at the border. This is the first step in a lawsuit against DHS. Janine, who is a Black woman, was sexually assaulted by agents at the Otay Mesa Port of Entry. In this lawsuit, she calls for DHS and CBP to take responsibility for their actions and end the practice of assault on women, including Black women. One year ago today, Janine was returning from her dentist and crossed the U.S. border at the Otay Mesa Port of Entry. She was singled out by a CBP officer while waiting in line. She was the only Black woman to be pulled from the line for questioning. The officer asked for Janine’s home address even though he was in possession of her license. The officer suggested that Janine might want his home address. The officer proceeded to escort her to a nearby building where she was eventually assaulted. Janine’s experience and training as a law enforcement officer informed her understanding that the actions taken by the CBP officers were well out of bounds of normal protocol. Janine filed a complaint with DHS about the officer’s actions shortly after the incident. To her knowledge, no disciplinary action was taken and the officers involved in the incident remain at work.”

Source: “Abuse, Assault and Impunity at Dhs Must Stop: Former Lapd Officer Subjected to Sexual Assault by Dhs Sues the Agency” (Alliance San Diego, June 17, 2021 <https://www.alliancesd.org/abuse_assault_and_impunity_at_dhs_must_stop_former_lapd_officer_subjected_to_sexual_assault_by_dhs_sues_the_agency?fbclid=IwAR1RvOCy1klavU7_CDsDXw3z-XHLfks8b0o5gtJTXlDNSHXkdlHNowyZCzQ>.

Sector(s): San Diego

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Use of Force

Accountability Status: No further action, Shared with DHS OIG

June 16, 2021

“A Jamaican man entered the United States at a port of entry to ask for  asylum and was immediately confronted by two Border Patrol agents who  physically attacked him. They knocked him to the ground with a plastic barrier and  began beating and punching him. One agent put his foot on his neck as he lay on the  ground. The agents dragged him across concrete into an office at the port of entry. A  third agent told the two that what they were doing was wrong. The other agents  dismissed her objection. The Jamaican man was then handcuffed to a bench. Later, he was taken to another room where he was photographed and fingerprinted. When the agents asked why he was there, the Jamaican man said he was seeking asylum.  The agents asked where he was from and when he said Jamaica. The agents said, “this is what a bunch of you have been doing (running into the port of entry), you  are getting out of here.” They took him to the Mexican immigration office. His  friends were in Mexico waiting to see if he got across successfully. The Mexican  immigration officers took photos of all their passports and asked them to go to Kino  Border Initiative.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, June 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Denial of Asylum, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, Shared with DHS OIG

June 12, 2021

“A Guatemalan man entered the United States through the desert with a  group of several others. He encountered Border Patrol agents who tripped him, causing him to fall and injure his knee. His face was injured with thorns. He was in a  lot of pain, and he asked for medical attention. The agents said they could not help  him. They then forced him to walk for an hour in handcuffs. Then the agents drove  him to the border station. He didn’t receive medical attention at the station. He was  expelled from that station to Nogales, Sonora. Only after he arrived in Mexico did  Kino facilitate medical attention.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, August 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Denial of Medical Care, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, Shared with DHS OIG

June 7, 2021

“A man arriving at our center reported watching from a distance as Border Patrol agents emptied the water
bottles belonging to the apprehended members of his group. Dehydrated, he continued walking in the desert
alone until he encountered another group of Border Patrol agents who physically assaulted him and mocked
his dehydrated state, refusing to give him water until they arrived at a Border Patrol station.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “June 10 Update From KBI”, June 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Conditions in Custody, Denial of Food or Water, Use of Force

Accountability Status: No steps taken

May 14, 2021

Sheriff’s officials on Tuesday identified the 26-year-old San Diego resident whom Border Patrol agents fatally shot last week following a pursuit in Campo.

Three agents opened fire on Silvestre Vargas Estrada just before 10:30 p.m. Friday, shooting him through the windshield of the car he was driving, sheriff’s homicide Lt. Thomas Seiver said. The incident happened near a gas station on Campo Road and Buckman Springs Road.

Two passengers in the car — Mexican men suspected of entering the country illegally — were uninjured, officials said.

Source: San Diego Union Tribune, “Authorities ID San Diego man shot, killed by Border Patrol agents”, May 2021. <https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/public-safety/story/2021-05-18/authorities-id-san-diego-man-shot-killed-by-border-patrol-agents>

Sector(s): San Diego

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Fatal Encounter, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with OPR

April 29, 2021


On April 29, 2021, at approximately 1:00 PM CST, two migrants were run over by a Border Patrol vehicle in Kenedy County near Kingsville, Texas.  One migrant, a male Honduran national, died on the scene as a result of his injuries.  Another migrant was transferred to a hospital in Harlingen, Texas via air ambulance and was discharged later in the day after medical personnel determined he did not suffer any serious injuries. 

At the time of the incident, BPAs were patrolling an area known for smuggling activity when they observed fresh footprints believed to belong to migrants passing through the area.  BPAs on foot and in vehicles continued to search the area which was covered with extremely thick and tall grass interspersed with groves of taller vegetation.  As they searched, two groups of migrants emerged from different groves and were apprehended by BPAs.  A third group of migrants who were burrowed in the tall grass also emerged and informed the BPAs of another individual who had been run over by a vehicle.  When BPAs located this individual, he informed them that he and another migrant were run over by a Border Patrol vehicle while they were burrowed next to each other in the grass.  The individual helped BPAs find the second migrant at which time a BPA Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) on the scene immediately attended to the migrants.  BPAs requested an air ambulance for one migrant and determined the other migrant succumbed to his injuries. The initial investigation indicates BPAs were not aware anyone was burrowed in the grass nor were they aware anyone had been run over by a vehicle until informed by a migrant.

The Department of Homeland Security Office of Inspector General was notified of the incident. This Kenedy County Sheriff’s Office (KCSO) and CBP Office of Professional Responsibility (CBP OPR) both responded to the scene and are reviewing this incident.

Source: CBP, “Honduran National Dies of Vehicle Incident Near Kingsville, Texas”, May 2021. <https://www.cbp.gov/newsroom/speeches-and-statements/honduran-national-dies-vehicle-incident-near-kingsville-texas>

Sector(s): Rio Grande Valley

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Fatal Encounter, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with OPR

April 17, 2021

“A Salvadoran woman, her 10-year-old daughter, 1-year-old son, brother, cousin, and cousin’s daughter, entered the United States on April 17, 2021. They saw a Border Patrol truck arriving and waited for it to arrive so they could ask for asylum. The Border Patrol agent who got out of the truck was enraged. He pulled a gun on the mother and family. He berated them, calling them “damned criminals,” “rats,” “terrorists,” and “criminals,” as they cried and asked for asylum. He spoke English and Spanish but spoke Spanish poorly, but the Salvadoran woman said she understood enough. He continued to pull his gun on them even though they were not posing any threat to his safety. They were unarmed and with children. She believed that he was going to kill them. Then, another agent arrived and calmed the first agent down. Other agents and vehicles arrived to transport them. She told those agents that they were seeking asylum, but they said they didn’t speak Spanish. Once they were transported to an open-air outpost, she asked the agents there for asylum and got the same answer. Then they were transported to a permanent building where they were inspected by a doctor. She told the doctor she wanted seek asylum and he just said good luck. At the facility, she told several more agents she wanted to seek asylum. Despite telling 7 or 8 different agents that they were hoping to seek asylum in the United States, they were repeatedly told that no one spoke Spanish and were never given a fear assessment. They were all expelled to Nogales, Sonora.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, August 2021. <https://networklobby.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/KINO-NETWORK-CBP-Abuses-consolidated.pdf>.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Abusive Language, Denial of Asylum, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, Complaint filed with OPR

April 5, 2021

“A Guatemalan man entered the United States in a group of three and  was met by five Border Patrol agents. The agent had dogs and the man was afraid of  dogs, so he ran and hid so that the dogs would not bite him. Then the agent  forcefully grabbed him by the back of the neck and handcuffed him to other  detained migrants. The agents were screaming in English, but the Guatemalan man  did not understand English. The man complained that the handcuffs were too tight, but the agents did not respond. The agent’s dog ran between the three immigrants, causing one to fall first and take the others down with him. The Guatemalan man  who made this complaint fell on his wrist and his handcuffs got tighter. He asked  again that they loosen the handcuffs but there was no response. His right wrist was  bruised for days after he was expelled.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, August 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies):

Event Type(s): Use of Force

Accountability Status: No steps taken

April 3, 2021

“A Guatemalan man entered the United States and was detained by  Border Patrol. He fled extortion and threats in Guatemala. On his way to the United  States, he was kidnapped in Mexico and held against his will for two weeks. His  kidnappers tortured him. They burned him with hot water and forced him to take  drugs. He managed to flee his kidnappers to continue to the U.S. In the U.S., he and  two friends encountered one Border Patrol agent. The agent first handcuffed the  other two to each other with chains. The agent then kicked the Guatemalan man  who made this complaint in the left ankle, which caused him to collapse. The agent  picked the man up by his shoulder and put him in the back of the truck. The agent  expelled the man to Nogales, Sonora despite the injuries the agent had inflicted and the fact that he was kidnapped in Mexico. He was never given an opportunity to  speak to anyone else about his fear of return.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, August 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Asylum, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, No further action

February 28, 2021

“Last week, a young Guatemalan woman who crossed the border through the desert was approached by
Border Patrol agents traveling on four wheelers. When she tried to run, one agent hit her with his four
wheeler. The impact threw her into a cluster of thorny bushes. When she arrived at KBI, she was in a great
deal of pain. Her legs were throbbing, and she had thorns embedded in the skin on her legs and back.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “March 4 Update From KBI”, March 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Denial of Medical Care, Use of Force

Accountability Status: No steps taken

February 4, 2021

“MARIA PUGA HAS been telling the story for more than a decade now. On May 28, 2010, her husband, Anastasio Hernandez Rojas, suffered a brutal and ultimately fatal beating at the hands of U.S. homeland security personnel at the San Ysidro Port of Entry on the southern edge of San Diego.The father of five was hogtied at a secure facility while at least eight agents and officers from the nation’s three border and immigration enforcement agencies punched and kicked him; a crowd of their colleagues circled around and watched. They knelt on his neck and body. Crying out for help, Hernandez was repeatedly tased while handcuffed. He suffered five broken ribs, internal organ hemorrhage, and bruising on his face and torso. He died of cardiac arrest and brain damage three days later. The coroner’s office ruled the case a homicide. Despite the federal agents erasing the video taken by eyewitnesses, the violent episode was caught on film and broadcast on national television. No agents or officers were punished, let alone charged for the killing. Puga has been protesting ever since.”

Source: Ryan Devereaux, “Anatomy of Impunity”: Former Dhs Supervisors Say Border Killing Cover-Up Was Part of a Pattern” (The Intercept, February 4, 2021) <https://theintercept.com/2021/02/04/border-patrol-killing-impunity-iachr/>.

Sector(s): San Diego

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Conditions in Custody, Use of Force

Accountability Status: No steps taken

February 4, 2021

“Twenty-nine individuals subject to Title 42 expulsion over the last two weeks reported abuses at the hands of
Border Patrol Agents, including verbal and physical abuse, nighttime expulsion, not returning belongings,
denial of access to due process for asylum and refusal of medical attention while in BP custody.
7 of the last 14 days, migrants have arrived at our migrant aid center after being expelled between 10PM and
5AM.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative, “February 4 Update From KBI”, July 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Abusive Language, Conditions in Custody, Denial of Asylum, Denial of Medical Care, Non-Return of Belongings, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL

February 3, 2021

“A Salvadoran woman, her husband and two children traveled from El Salvador to Mexico initially to escape threats at home. Soon after, they also received threats in Mexico and decided to flee to the US. They approached the DeConcini port of entry in Nogales. There, an agent shoved the woman who was eight months pregnant in the chest. The woman pleaded with the agent to not turn them back as they were fleeing danger in Mexico. The agents, both male and female, simply laughed at them when they explained the danger and said the family must go back. When the family said they had nowhere to go, the agents said that was not the agents’ problem. They forcibly removed them and took them to the Mexican immigration office at around 10:30 PM. The family slept by the line of cars entering the United States out of fear of navigating Nogales at night.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, August 2021. <https://networklobby.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/KINO-NETWORK-CBP-Abuses-consolidated.pdf>.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Denial of Asylum, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, Complaint filed with OPR, Shared with DHS OIG

January 29, 2021

“Diosmani Ramos was shot by a Border Patrol agent sometime around 7:38 am, about a mile away from the Hidalgo port of entry. Diosmani was holding a stone, and the Border Patrol agent shot him in the chest when he refused to drop it. Diosmani was taken to a local hospital where he was pronounced dead at 9 am.

Source: NBC News, “US Border Patrol Agent Fatally Shoots Man Crossing Border Into Texas”, January 2021. <https://www.nbcdfw.com/news/local/texas-news/us-border-patrol-agent-fatally-shoots-man-crossing-border-into-texas/2537557/>

Sector(s): Rio Grande Valley

Agency(ies): Border Patrol

Event Type(s): Fatal Encounter, Use of Force

Accountability Status:

January 29, 2021

“A Guatemalan man entered the United States near Sasabe, Sonora and  walked for four hours before being met by Border Patrol who were on motorcycles.  At first the man started to run, but when the official got closer, he stopped and put  his hands up. The agent then grabbed him and shoved him to the ground, causing  pain to his shoulder. He was then moved to Tucson. He was not given any medical  attention for his shoulder. He was instead expelled to Nogales, while he was still  experiencing pain.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, January 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Denial of Medical Care, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, No further action

January 28, 2021

“A Guatemalan man crossed into the United States and was detained in  the desert. The border patrol agents who arrested them were driving a four wheeler. They drove really fast, right towards the immigrants. The immigrants had  to jump out of the way to avoid being run over. The Guatemalan man fell over when  he jumped out of the way. Despite not resisting arrest, an agent put his hand around  the migrant’s neck and pulled him to handcuff him. The agents were laughing as they handcuffed him. Despite cold temperatures, he was made to remove his outerwear and walk only in a t-shirt. He was forced to walk 20 minutes handcuffed.  Afterwards, he was transported to Tucson and promptly expelled.”

Source: Kino Border Initiative (KBI) and NETWORK Lobby for Catholic Social Justice, Due Process Denied, January 2021.

Sector(s): Tucson

Agency(ies): CBP

Event Type(s): Dangerous Deportation, Use of Force

Accountability Status: Complaint filed with CRCL, No further action